Besides conventional technologies, LPN is investigating advanced techniques and advanced
processing for nanofabrication. For instance, Quantum boxes are grown, either self-organized
by MBE, or localized by MOVPE on patterned substrate. STM is developped for atom manipulation.
Nano-Imprint Lithography, a promising technique for low-cost and large-scale nanopatterning, and
for nanofabrication in the field of life science, was recently developed. Focused Ion Beam
patterning can produce ultimate dimensions down to a few nm.